Each class will be organized in three sessions, each led by a different student (presenter):

All students will do at least one primary-paper presentation and one summary presentation – together counting against 40% of the grade.

Students who do not present on a particular class are required to read the two primary papers and participate in the discussions. Because the presenters are also graded on the quality of discussion that ensues after a presentation, non-presenters have a duty to their colleagues to participate. Non-presenters can also contribute their own discussion points (questions, observations, …), and that may count toward extra credit for them and also possibly toward the presenter’s grade (if he/she responds meaningfully).